Latin (D to H) based on hard copy compiled by the Chinese Translation Service

January 4, 2001Electronic file created by Yaw-Tsong Lee & Chin-Wen Yao

http://un-interpreters.org/glossaries.html

Da fidei quae fidei sunt

Give to faith that which belongs

信仰归信仰

Dabit qui dedit

He will give who gave

给一次就会给两次

Damnosa haereditas

Unprofitable inheritance

债务的继承

Damnum absque injuria

Loss without legal wrong; damage done without intended wrong; loss due to lawful competition

无意的损害;合法竞争造成的损失

Damnum fatale

Damage from fate; loss happening from a cause beyond human control

自然灾害造成的损失

Damnum sine (absque) injuria

Damage without injury

无错的损失;损失非错误引起的

Damnum sine injuria esse potest

There may be damage inflicted without any act of injustice

损害不一定是由不法行为造成的

Dare pondus idonea fumo

Fit only to give weight to smoke; absolutely worthless

毫无价值;不值一笑(的批评)

Data et accepta

Expenses and receipts

支出与收入;收支

Date et dabitur vobis

Give and it shall be given unto you

对别人施舍,别人也会对你施舍

Datio in solutum

A giving in payment

代物清偿

de auditu

From rumor

风闻;道听途说

de bene esse

Conditionally; provsionally; in anticipation of future need

暂定为可用

de bonis asportatis

of goods carried away

盗取的财物;侵占的财产

de bonis non (administratis)

of goods not (yet administered)

尚未管理的财产;未指定管理人的遗产

de bonis propriis

Out of his own goods (or pocket)

自己支付费用;自己负责赔偿

de commodo et incommodo

to advantage and disadvantage

利弊得失;优劣

de die in diem

From day to day; continuously

天天;不断地

De duobus mali, minus est semper eligendum

Of two evils, the lesser is always to be chosen

两害相权取其轻

de facto

in fact

事实上;实际的

de fide

of the faith; required to be held as an article of faith

信仰上的;应作信条遵守的

De fide et officio judicis non recipitur quaestio

Concerning the good faith and duty of the judge, no question is allowed

法官的公正和职权毋容置疑

de fumo in flammam

out of the smoke into the flame; out of the frying pan into the fire

避坑落井;越来越糟;每况愈下

de gratia

by favor

惠给

De gustibus non est disputandum

There is no disputing about tastes

鉴赏力各有不同;人各有所好

de integro

afresh; anew

重新;从头;再

De internis non judicat praetor

The court does not pass judgment on a defendantís intention

法庭不根据被告的意图(只根据他的行为)审判

de jure

by law; rightfully

法律上;合法的

de lana caprina

about goatsí wool; hence, about any worthless object

无关宏旨的(事);鸡毛蒜皮

de lege ferenda

by means of a law to be made; on the basis of new law

根据拟议法

de lege lata

by means of an existing law

根据现行法

de lunatico inquirendo

a writ to inquire into the sanity of a person

检查精神状况令

De minimis non curat lex

The law does not concern itself with trifles

法律不管琐事

De mortuis nil nisi bonum

Of the dead (say) nothing but good

对死人只能赞扬;不记死人过

De nihilo nihil

From nothing nothing (can come)

无中不能生有

De non apparentibus, et de non existentibus, eadem est ratio

As to things not apparent and things non-exsistent, the conclusion is the same

不明确的事物应与不存在的事物一般看待

De novo

Anew

从头;重新

De omni re scibili, et quibusdam aliis

Concerning everything knowable and a few other things besides

无事不通;万事通;万能

De pilo pendet

It hangs by a hair

千钧一发

De plano

Clearly; manifestly

显然;明白

De praesenti

Of (or for) the present

现在的;用现在时态的

De profundis

Out of the depths (of sorrow, despair)

从悲痛之中;绝望之余;从内心里

De proprio motu

Of oneís own volition

出于志愿;自动

De visu

By sight; seen

目睹;亲眼看见

debellare superbos

To overthrow the proud

打倒妄自尊大的人

Debitor non praesumitur donare

The presumption is that a debtor is not making gifts

债务人无权馈赠(一切财产只供清偿)

debitum

Debt

债务

debitum naturae

The debt of nature; death

死亡

deceptio visus

Optical illusion

光幻视;视错觉

Decessit sine prole

He died without issue

他死后无子女

Decies repetita placebit

It pleases, although repeated ten times

百看不厌;百听不厌

Decipimur specie rect

We are deceived by what appears wirtuous

虚伪的外表使人受骗

Decipit frons prima multos

The first appearance deceives many

初时印象往往错误;以貌取人,失子之羽

Decori decus addit avito

He adds honor to the ancestral honor

他荣宗耀祖;他光耀门楣

decretum

decree; ordinance

法令;政令;教令

defectus sanguinis

failure of issue

无子嗣

Deficit omne quod nascitur

Everything which is born passes away

万物有生必有死

Dei judicium

The judgment of God; trial by ordeal

神裁判法

Dei plena sunt omnia

All things are filled with divinity

神明无所不在;万物都有神明在

Delegatus non potest delegare

A delegate cannot delegate; the person to whom an office or a duty is delegated, e.g., an attorney, director, or trustee, cannot lawfully devolve the duty upon another, unless he is expressly authorized to do so

受委托者,不能授权别人

Deliberando saepe perit occasio

Opportunity is often lost by too long debate

议论太久,往往错过时机

Delirant reges, plectuntur Achivi

Kings make mistakes, and the Greeks (people) are punished

国王有过,人民受罚(遭殃)

delirium tremens

Mental disorder, characterized by uncontrollable trembling, climaxing excessive consumption of alcohol

震颠性谵妄

Delphinum natare doces

You are teaching a dolphin to swim; you are teaching your grandmother to suck eggs

班门弄斧

Dementia praecox

A form of early insanity

早发性痴呆

Denique non omnes eadem mirantur amantque

All men, in short, do not admire and love the same things

人的爱好各不相同

Deo dignus vindice nodus

A knot worthy of a god to unloose; a crucial difficulty

神仙才能解得开的结;难解死结;难办的事

Depositum

A thing deposited

寄存物

Desunt caetera (or cetera)

The remainder is wanting

(古书或手稿残缺时于末尾注明)以下缺;下文逸失

Desunt inopiae multa, avaritiae omnia

Poverty wants many things, but avarice wants everything

穷人想要的东西很多,但是贪婪的人每样都要

Desunt multa

Many things are wanting

缺漏很多

Detinet

He detains; a legal action to regain possession of specific property

收回非法占有动产的诉讼

Deus est is pectore nostro

There is a divinity in our hearts

心中有神明

Deus ex machina

A god from the machine; a contrived ending

(小说,戏剧情节中)意外的救星,奇迂,解围的神力等;牵强的结局

Devastavit

He has wasted; the act of an executor or administrator in wasting the goods of the deceased

浪费管理遗产

Dextro tempore

At the right time; at the opportune moment

适时;及时

Dictis facta suppetant

Let deeds correspond to words

言行应一致

Dictum de dicto

Report upon hearsay; second-hand story

道听途说;人云亦云

Dictum et factum

Said and done; no sooner said than done

说了就做;即说即做

Dictum sapienti sat est

A word to the wise is enough

聪明人一说就懂

Dies a quo

Day from which; commencing date

起算日期;开始日期

Dies ad quem

Day to which; terminating date

终止日期;截止日期

Dies certus

Fixed date

期限

Dies datus

A day given; a day appointed for the hearing of a lawsuit

开庭日;审讯日

Dies faustus

(dies infaustus)

A day of good omens; a favorable day

吉日良辰

(不吉利的日子)

Dies juridicus

A day on which the court sits

开庭日

Dies natalis

Birthday

生日

Dies non (juridicus)

A day on which the court does not sit

停审日;休庭日

Difficiles nugae

Laborious trifles

费力而无价值的东西

Difficilia quae pulchra

Things which are excellent are difficult (of attainment)

难能可贵

Digito monstrari

To be pointed at with the fingers; be famous

著名的

Diminium facti qui coepit habet

He who has begun has his work half done; a thing well begun is half done

开始做事,即是成功的一半

Dis aliter visum

The gods decreed otherwise; man proposes and God disposes

天不从人愿;天意使然;谋事在人成事在天

Discere docendo

To learn through teaching

教学相长

Divide et impera

Divide and rule

分而治之

Divide ut regnes

Divide in order to rule

分而治之

Divinae particula aurae

A particle of the divine in man

人类的一点灵性

Divitiae virum faciunt

Riches make the man

财富使人贵

Divortium aquarium

Watershed

分水岭

Do ut des

I gave that you may give; a form of commutative contract

平等交换契约

Do ut facias

I give that you may do; a form, of commutative contract

双务契约(原义是ď我付钱,你办事Ē)

Docendo discimus

We learn by teaching

教学相长

Doctus cum libro

Doctor with a book

书呆子

Doli capax

Capable of malice or criminal intention

有犯罪能力

Doli incapax

Incapable of malice or criminal intention

无犯罪能力

Dolus

Guile; malicious fraud

欺诈;故意(犯罪)

Dolus bonus

Permissible deceit

合法的欺骗

Dolus dans locum contractui

Fraud giving rise to the contract; fraudulent misrepresentation by which one person induces another to enter into a contract

诱骗他人订约

Dolus malus

Unlawful deceit

非法欺骗

Domus

House; home

家;家族

Donatio mortis causa

A gift in prospect of death

临终遗赠物

Donec eris felix multos numerabis amicos

As long as you are prosperous, you will number many friends

富贵朋友多;富在深山有远亲

Dono decit

Gave as a gift

赠予

Dramatis personae

Characters of the drama

剧中人;登场人物;角色

Duabus sellis sedere

To sit in two saddles

一人骑两马;脚踏两只船

Duces tecum

You shall bring with you

命令携带证明文件出庭(的传票)

Ducit amor patriae

Love for my country is my guide

爱国是我的目标

Dulce bellum inexpertis

War is sweet to those who have never tried it

未经战祸的人才喜欢战争

Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori

It is sweet and honorable to die for oneís country

为国捐躯是光荣的事

Dulce quod utile

What is useful is sweet

物以有用为贵;物贵有用

Dum bene se gesserit

As long as he conducts himself properly

只要行为正当,可以永远任职

Dum casta

As long as she remains chaste

以不再嫁为原则(寡妇所得遗产往往附有这个条件

Dum sola

While single; whileunmarried

在未婚期间

Dum vita est, spes est

While there is life, there is hope

活着就有希望;留得青山在,哪怕没柴烧

Dum vivimus, vivamus

While we live, let us live

活着的时候,就要活得痛快;人生如寄, 惟当行乐

Duos qui sequitur lepores neutrum capit

He who chases two rabbits catches neither one

一人追求两个目标,结果一个也不能实现;两头落空

Dura lex, sed lex

The law is hard, but it is the law

法律虽然苛刻,仍应遵守

Durante minore aetate

As long as the subject is a minor

在未成年期间

Durante vita

During life

终身

Durate et vosmet rebus servate secundis

Carry on and preserve yourselves for better times

忍辱求生,寄望将来

Durum et durum non faciunt murum

Stern measures do not build a protecting wall; harsh measure do not insure security

严厉措施不能保障安全

Dux gregis

Leader of the flock (or herd)

群众的领袖

E contra

On the other hand

在另一方面

E contrario

On the contrary

相反地

E converso

Conversely

反过来说;反之

E flamma petere cibum

To snatch (or fetch) food out of the flame; to live by desperate means

冒险生涯

E pluribus unum

One out of many

合众为一(美国国训)

E re nata

Arising from the present circumstances; according to the exigencies of the case; as matters stand

因目前情况而产生;根据情况需要;在目前情况下

Eat inde sine die

That he may go thence without a day; i.e., be dismissed without any further continuance or adjournment

出庭无期;被告可免再出庭

Ecce signum

Here is the proof

有此为证

Edicta magistratum

Decree of magistrate

裁判官的告示

Edicta perpetuum

General decree

一般告示

Edicta repentina

Special decree

特别告示

Editio princeps

The first edition (of a book)

初版

Ego spem pretio non emo

I do not purchase hope for a price; I do not buy a pig in a poke

我不瞎买东西

Egomet mihi ignosco

I myself pardon myself

自我宽恕

Eheu! Fugaces labuntur anni

Alas! The fleeting years slip by

唉!光阴似箭

Ei incumbi probatio qui dicit, non qui negat

The burden of proof lies upon him who affirms, not him who denies

举证责任在于控诉的人,不在辩护的人;举证责任在原告,不在被告

Ejus nulla culpa est, cui parere necesse sit

The man who is forced to obey is not at fault for what he does

被迫服从的人的行为,不能当作他的罪过

Ejusdem farinae

Of the same flour (or sort)

一丘之貉

Ejusdem generis

Of the same kind

同样;类推;同类

Elapso tempore

After a certain amount of time has elapsed

经过若干时日之后

Electa una via non datur recursus ad alteras

He who has chosen one way cannot have recourse to another

既已选定一条路,即不得利用另一条路

Electio semel facta non patitur regressum

Election once made cannot be recalled

一经选定,不得变更

Elegit

He has chosen; a writ giving possession of the lands of the debtor, until full payment of debt

扣押令;扣押权

Elephantem ex musca facis

You are making an elephant out of a fly; you are making a mountain out of a molehill

你真是小题大作

Emphyteusis (jus emphyteuticum)

A lease of land in perpetuity

永佃(权)

Empta dolore docet experientia

Experience bought with pain teaches effectually; a burnt child dreads the fire

痛苦经验永志不忘;吃一次亏,学一次乖;一次被火烧,见火就害怕

Emptio et venditio

Purchase and sale

买卖

Emunctae naris esse

To be of wiped nose; to have discriminating taste or matured judgment

观察入微;明察秋毫;眼光老练

Ense et aratro

By the sword and the plow

战时当兵,平时耕田

Eo animo

With that intention

蓄意;有意

Eo instante

At that moment; immediately

当时;立刻

Eo intuitu

With that view; with that intent or object

为此目的

Eo ipso

For the very fact; on that account

这样;因而;从而

Eo loci

At that very place

在当地;当场

Eo nomine

By (or under) that name; on this account

以此为名;假借这个名义;因此

Erga omnes

To all; against all

对所有国家;普遍适用;危害全人类的

Ergo

Therefore; hence

因此

Errare humanum est

To err is human

人皆有错

Error communis facit jus

A common error makes rights (or law)

将错就错

Esse oportet ut vivas, non vivere ut edas

One should eat to live, not live to eat

人应为生而食,不应为食而生

Esse quam videri

To be rather than to seem

实际重于外表

Est modus in rebus

There is a medium (or due measure) in all things

凡事都有尺度(分寸)

Esto quod esse videris

Be what you seem to be

外表与实际应该一致

Et alibi

And elsewhere

以及其他地方

Et alii (et al.)

And others

。。。等(合著)

Et hoc genus omne

And everything of this kind

及其同类

Et nunc et semper

Now and always

现在以至永远

Et semel emissum volat irrevocabile verbum

And a word once uttered flies onward never to be recalled

一言既出,驷马难追

Et sequentia (et seq.)

And the following

及以下各页(各段);。。。页(段)起

Et sic de ceteris

And similarly as to the others

其余类推

Et sic de similibus

And in the same way about similar matters

以此类推

Et sic porro

And so on

等等

Et similia

And the like

等等

Etiam atque etiam

Again and again

一再

Ex abrupto (or ab abrupto)

Suddenly

事前未经准备;即席

Ex abundante cautela

From excessive caution

为格外谨慎起见

Ex abusu non arguitur in usum

From the abuse of a thing there is no arguing against its use

不正当用途不得作为反对正当用途的理由

Ex adverso

From the opposite side; in opposition

反证;反面

Ex aequo

According to what is right; in equity

平等地,公平地

Ex aequo et bono

According to what is right and good

根据公正和善良的原则;以公正善良为原则

Ex animo

From the heart; sincerely

全心全意地;诚心诚意地

Ex animo effluere

To escape from the mind; be quite forgotten

遗忘;记不得

Ex auctoritate mihi commissa

By virtue of the authority entrusted to me

依据本人所得权力;依据职权

Ex bona fide

In good faith; on oneís honor

出于至诚;以名誉担保

Ex capite

Out of the head; from memory

凭记忆;背诵

Ex cathedra

From the chair; authoritatively

根据职权;用权威方式

Ex comitate

Out of courtesy

礼貌上的

Ex concesso

From what has been conceded

根据承认的理由

Ex curia

Out of court

法院之外

Ex debito justitiae

From what is due as of right; by reason of a just debt

根据正当权利;根据有效债权

Ex debito justitiae

From what is due as of right; by reason of a just debt

根据正当权利;根据有效债权

Ex delicto

Of an actionable wrong

因过失

Ex delicto

Of an actionable wrong

因过失

Ex desuetudine amittuntur privilegia

Privileges are lost through disuse

特权不使用,即告丧失

Ex desuetudine amittuntur privilegia.

Privileges are lost through disuse.

权利不使用即告丧失

Ex dolo malo non oritur actio

No right of action arises out of a fraud

欺诈行为不得为诉讼权利的根据

Ex dolo malo non oritur actio.

No right of action arises out of a fraud.

欺诈行为不得为诉讼权利的根据

Ex dono

As a gift

赠予

Ex dono

As a gift

赠与

Ex ephebis

Out of the ranks of youths; just arrived at manhood

刚刚成年

Ex ephebis

Out of the ranks of youths; just arrived at manhood

刚刚成年

Ex facto jus oritur

The law arises out of the fact

法律源于事实

Ex fide fortis

Strong through faith

因信仰而坚强

Ex fide fortis

Strong through faith

因信仰而坚强

Ex granis fit acervus

Many grains make a heap

积谷成堆;积少成多;集腋成裘

Ex granis fit acervus.

Many grains make a heap.

积谷成堆;积少成多;集腋成裘

Ex gratia

Of or by favor

惠给;特准

Ex gratia

Of or by favor

惠给;特准

Ex hypothesi

By hypothesis

在理论上

Ex hypothesi

By hypothesis

在理论上;假定

Ex imo corde

From the bottom of the heart

出自内心;出于肺腑

Ex imo corde

From the bottom of the heart

出自内心;出于肺腑

Ex injuria non oritus jus

A right does not arise out of a wrong

侵权行为不得产生权利

Ex injuria non oritus jus.

A right does not arise out of a wrong.

侵权行为不得产生权利

Ex lege

Arising from the law; as a matter of law

法律上的;根据法律的

Ex lege

Arising from the law; as a matter of law

法律上的;根据法律

Ex libris

From the books of; a book plate

藏书签

Ex libris

From the books of; a book plate

藏书签

Ex longinquo

From a distance

从远处

Ex longinquo

From a distance

从远处

Ex malis moribus bonae leges natae sunt

Good laws have come about because of bad customs

良好法律起源于不良的风俗

Ex malis moribus bonae leges natae sunt.

Good laws have come about because of bad customs.

良好法律起源于不良风俗

Ex mero motu

Of oneís own free will

出于自愿

Ex mero motu

Of oneís own free will

出于自愿

Ex more

According to customs

根据习惯

Ex more

According to custom

根据习惯

Ex necessitate rei

Arising form the urgency of the case

因情况紧急

Ex nihil nihil fit.

From nothing, nothing is made.

无中不能生有

Ex nihilo nihil.

Nothing comes out of nothing.

无因便无果;无中不能生有

Ex nominee

By that name

在此名下

Ex nudo pacto non oritur action.

No action arises from a naked contract.

无约因的契约无诉权

Ex officio

By virtue of oneís office

依据职权;当然

Ex ore infantium

Out of the mouths of infants

童稚之言

Ex ore parvulorum veritas.

Out of the mouths of little children (comes) truth.

儿童口中露真情;小孩说实话

Ex pacto illicito non oritur action.

No action arises on an illegal agreement.

不得根据非法契约提出诉讼

Ex parte

From one party (or side); in the interest of one side only

片面;单方面

Ex pede Herculem

From the foot (we may judge the size) of Hercules; from a part we may divine the whole

窥一斑而知全豹;一叶知秋;由小见大

ex post facto

after the deed is done; retrospective

事后;追溯既往

ex professo

openly; professedly

公然;直言不讳

ex propiis

out of oneís own resources

自己负担费用;自己出钱

ex proposito

by design; of set purpose

故意地;有目的地

ex quocunque capite

from whatever reason

不论何种理由;无论如何

ex relatione (ex rel)

on the report of

根据。。。告发

ex tacito

tacitly

默示

ex tempore

impromptu; improvised

临时;即席

Ex turpi causa non oritur actio.

Out of a base (illegal or immoral) cause, an action does not arise.

卑鄙事情不能做诉因;不得根据非法理由提出诉讼

Ex turpi causa non oritur jus.

From a shameful cause no right arises.

不正当的行为不能构成权利

Ex ungue leonem.

(One can sketch) a lion from its claw.

窥一斑而知全豹

Ex uno disce omnes.

From one learn all; from one judge of the rest.

举一反三

ex usu

of use; advantageous

有用;有益

ex utraque parte

on either side

任何一方

ex vi termini

from the force or meaning of the term; by definition

在本义上;顾名思义

ex voto

according to (in fulfillment of) oneís vow

根据誓言;履行诺言

Exceptio doli

An exception (or plea) of fraud

诈欺的抗辩

Exceptio domini

A claim of ownership

所有权的抗辩

Exceptio non adimpleti contractus

Exception for not performing the contract

未履行契约的抗辩

Exceptio pacti conventi

An exception of compact; a plea that the plaintiff has agreed not to sue

违约的抗辩

Exceptio probat regulam

The exception proves the existence of the rule

例外情形足以证明规则存在;有例外必有规则

Exceptis excipiendis

After exception have been made

除了例外情况以外

Excusatio non petita fit accusatio manifesta

An excuse given when unmasked betrays clear guilt

拆穿谎话,罪证昭彰

Executio est finis et fructus legis

Execution is the end and fruit of the law

一经执行判决,法律诉讼即告终结

Executio est finis et fructus legis.

Execution is the end and fruit of the law.

一经执行判决,法律诉讼即告终结

Executio juris non habet injuriam

The execution of law does no injury

执法(者)无过

Executio juris non-habet injuriam.

The execution of law does no injury.

执法(者)无过

Exempli gratia (e.g.)

For (the sake of) example

例如

Exempli gratia (e.g.)

For (the sake of) example

例如

Exequatur

Let it be executed; the permission given by a government to the consul of another state to enter on his appointment

领事证书

Exequatur

Let it be exedcuted; the permission given by a government to the consul of another state to enter on his app

 

Exercitatio optimus est magister

Practice is the best master

熟能生巧

Exitus acta probat

The issue proves (justifies) the deeds; allís well that ends well

一切行为都看结果;结果好就一切都好

Exitus acta probat.

The issue proves (justifies) the deeds; allís well that ends well;

一切行为都看结果;结果好就一切都好

Experientia docet

Experience teaches

前事不忘,后事之师;经一事,长一智

Expertus metuit.

The person with experience is fearful.

曾经沧海难为水

Explorant adversa viros.

Misfortune tries men.

灾难考验人;吃得苦中苦,方为人上人

Expressio unius est exclusio alterius.

The expression of one thing is the exclusion of another.

指明其一,即排除其他

expressis verbis

in express terms

明文;明确地;显然

extra modum

beyond measure

过度;极;非常

extra ordinem

outside of its natural order; out of its proper place

处于不适当的地位

extra situm

away from its natural setting

离开原来环境

Faber est quisque fortunae suae.

Everyone is the architect of his own fortune.

命运要靠自己创造;自己的路自己开

Facile est inventis addere.

It is easy to add to what has already been invented.

锦上添花容易

Facile largire de alieno.

It is easy to be generous with what is anotherís.

慷他人之慨是轻易的事

facile princeps

easily the leader

毫无问题是第一的;公认的领导者

facilis descensus Averno.

The descent to hell is easy.

下地狱容易

facio ut des

I do that you may give; a form of commutative contract (law)

双务契约(原义为ď我办事,你付钱Ē)

facta non verba

deeds, not words

凭行动,别说空话

factio testamenti

the right, power or capacity of making a will

立遗嘱的能力

factum probanda

the fact to be proved

待证事实

factum probantia (or probans)

a probative or evidentiary fact; a fact tending to prove the principal fact in issue; a piece of circumstantial evidence

举证事实

Factum valet.

A fact prevails; a fact cannot be altered.

事实不可改变

falsa lectio

a false reading

抄错;误植

falsi crimen

the crime of falsification

伪证罪;篡改罪

Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus.

False in one, false in all.

证词如有一处不实,即全部推翻

Fama, malum qua non aliud velocius ullum.

Nothing travels faster than scandal.

谣言传得最快

Fames est optimus coquus.

Hunger is the best cook.

肚子饿,样样东西都好吃;饥不择食

Felicitas multos habet amicos.

Prosperity has many friends.

富贵时朋友多

felix culpa

fortunate fault

因祸得福

ferae naturae

of a wild nature; not domesticated

野生的;野性未驯的;本性凶恶的(动物)

Feriunt summos fulgura montes.

Lightning strikes the mountain tops.

树大招风

Ferme accerima proximorum odia.

Hatred among close relatives is generally the bitterest.

至亲骨肉之间的仇恨往往最深

Ferrum, dum in igne candet, cudendum est tibi.

You must strike the iron while it is glowing hot.

打铁要趁热

Festina lente.

Hasten slowly.

急事慢慢做;欲速则不达

Fiat justitia, pereat mundus.

Let justice be done, though the world perish.

虽然地塌,也伸正义

Fiat justitia, ruat caelum.

Let justice be done, though the heaven fall.

虽然天崩,也伸正义

Fiat justitia.

Let justice be done.

恳求伸张正义(误判案件诉请再审时用语)

fidei commissum

a thing entrusted to faith

信托遗赠

Fideli certa merces.

There is a certain reward for the man who is faithful.

忠诚的人必有好报

Fides servanda est.

Faith must be kept.

必须守信用;必须守秘密

fiducia

trust; pawn

信托;典当

fidus Achates

faithful Achates; a trusty friend

忠心朋友;心腹之交

fieri facias

that you cause to be made; a writ of execution to levy and make the amount of a judgment from the goods and chattels of the judgment debtor

财物扣押令

filius nullius

nobodyís son; an illegitimate son

私生子

filius populi

a son of the people; a bastard

私生子

filius terrae

a son of the earth; a peasant

农夫

Finis coronat opus.

The end crowns the work.

凡事贵于完成;工作必须完成,才有价值

finis litium

an end of lawsuits

案件终结

Finis origine pendet.

The end depends on the beginning.

结果要看开端而定;好结果必须有好开端

flagrante bello

while the war is blazing; during hostilities

在战争状态中;在战争期间

flagrante delicto

while the crime is blazing; in the very act

(犯罪)当场;现行(犯)

Flamma fumo est† proxima.

Flame is very close to smoke; where thereís smoke, thereís fire

有烟必有火;无风不起浪

Floruit.

He flourished.

全盛时期

flosculi sententiarum

flowerets of thought; an anthology of beautiful thoughts

智慧的花朵;珠玑集

foenus nauticum

nautical or maritime interest

船舶抵押利息

folio verso (f.v.)

on the back of the page

在一页的背面;在反面

fons et origo

fountain and source

本源;泉源

fons et origo mali

source and origin of evil

罪恶的根源

forensis strepitus

the noisy turmoil of the court

在法庭上吵闹

Forma bonum fragile.

Beauty is a fragile possession.

美色易衰

Forma flos, fama flatus.

Beauty is a flower, fame a breath.

美貌如花朵,名声如气息

Fortes fortuna adjuvat (or juvat)

Fortune helps the brave.

勇敢的人运气好;勇往直前,无往不利

Forti et fideli nihil difficile.

Nothing is difficult for the brave and loyal.

勇敢而忠诚的人没有难事

Fortis cadere, cedere non potest.

The brave man may fall, but he cannot yield.

勇敢的人宁死不屈

Fortuna belli semper ancipiti in loco est.

The fortunes of war are always in doubt.

战争永远难分胜败

Fortuna favet fatuis.

Fortune favors fools.

傻人有傻福

Fortuna fortibus favit.

Fortune favors the brave.

勇敢的人运气好

Fortuna nimium quen fovet, stultum facit.

Fortune often makes her darling a fool.

傻人运气好;傻人有傻福

forum competens

the forum or court that has jurisdiction

管辖法院

forum contentiosum

a contentious court; the ordinary court of justice

诉讼法庭;普通法院

forum contractus

the place where a contract is made; the court of the place where a contract is made

契约缔结地(法院)

forum domicilii

the court of the domicile of the defendant

被告居住地

forum ecclesiasticum

ecclesiastic court

宗教法庭

forum non conveniens

inconvenient court or jurisdiction:† the doctrine is patterned upon the right of the court in the exercise of its equitable powers to refuse the imposition upon its jurisdiction of the trial of cases, even though the venue is properly laid if it appears that for the convenience of litigants and witnesses and in the interest of justice the action should be instituted in another forum where the action might have been brought.

不便利地点法院

forum originis

the forum or court of the place where the act originated

原笈国法院

forum rei

the court of the defendantís domicile; the court of the place where the property in controversy is situated

被告居住地法院;财产所在地法院

Frangas, non flectes.

You may break, you will not bend (me).

头可断,志不屈

Fraus est celare fraudem.

To conceal a fraud is fraud.

隐瞒欺诈等于欺诈

Fronti nulla fides.

There is no trusting to appearances.

不要相信外表;不可以貌取人;人不可以貌相

fructus

fruit; produce; profits

果实;收获;利润;孳息

fructus civiles

profits or revenues recognized by the law

法定孳息(如租金,利息)

fructus industriales

fruits of industry; fruits of a thing, as of land, which are produced by the labor and industry of the occupant, as crops of grain

劳动收获(如谷物)

fructus legis

the fruit of the law; i.e., execution

法律的执行;法律的效果

fructus naturales

products of nature

天然孳息;自然收获(如;羊毛,金属)

Frustra laborat qui omnibus placere studet.

He labors in vain who strives to please everybody.

讨好众人的事是白费力气的

Fugit irreparabile tempus.

Irrecoverable time flies away.

光阴一去不回头

fulmen brutum

a Harmless thunderbolt; empty threat

虚张声势;虚声恫吓

functus officio

a task performed; a function fulfilled

任务完成;卸任;失效

furor loquendi

an uncontrollable desire to talk

喜欢讲话的脾气;话匣子

furor poeticus

the inspired frenzy of the poet

诗人的灵思

gamalis

a legitimate child

婚生子;合法子女

Gaudeamus, igitur, juvenes dum sumus.

Let us rejoice, therefore, while we are young.

年轻时当行乐

Gaudet temtamine virtus.

Virtue rejoices in trials.

美德不怕考验

genera

things in general

不特定物

Generale dictum generaliter est interpretandum.

A general statement should be interpreted generally.

一般性用语应作一般的解释

generalia

things in general; general principles

一般规定;一般原则

Generalia praecedunt, specialia sequuntur.

General matters precede, special matters follow.

一般规定(条款)在前,特别规定(条款)在后

Generalia specialibus non derogant.

Generalities do not derogate from special provisions.

一般法规不得减损特别法规

Generalia verba sunt generaliter intelligenda.

General words are to be understood in a general sense.

一般的用语应作一般的解释

genius loci

the protecting deity of a place

地方的守护神

gens

a tribe or clan

民族;宗族

genus homo

the human race

人类

Gloria victis!

Glory to the vanquished.

虽败犹荣

Gratia gratiam parit.

Kindness begets kindness.

对别人好,别人对你也好;礼尚往来

gratia placendi

for the sake of pleasing

为了讨好别人

gratias agere

to give thanks

感谢;表示谢意

gratis dictum

a voluntary statement; a mere assertion

自愿的供词;未经证实的话;一面之词

Graviora manent.

More grievous perils remain; the worst is yet to come.

最坏的还在后头

Graviora quaedam sunt remedia periculis.

Some remedies are worse than the disease.

治不得法,越治越糟

Gravissimum est imperium consuetudinis.

The power of custom is most weighty.

风俗的力量,其大无比

grosso modo

in gross; roughly

大概地;大约地

Gutta cavat lapiden, consumitur annulus usu.

Dripping water hollows the rock, the ring is worn away by use.

滴水穿石;戒指日久磨损

habeas corpora juratorum

a writ commanding the sheriff to bring up the persons of jurors

强迫陪审员到庭令

habeas corpus

you should have the body; a writ of personal freedom exercised when a prisoner posts bail

人身保护令

Habeas Corpus Act

 

人身保障法

habeas corpus ad subjiciendum

you should produce the body to submit to; a writ for inquiring into the lawfulness of the restraint of a person who is imprisoned or detained in anotherís custody

人身交释令

Habemus confitentem reum.

We have a confessing defendant.

被告认罪

Habemus papam.

We have a pope.

新教宗已选出

habendum et tenendum

to have and to hold

契据的物权条款

Habent et musca spelem.

Even a fly will show anger.

苍蝇也会生气

habere facias possessionem

that you cause to have possession; the name of the process commonly resorted to by the successful party in an action of ejectment, for the purpose of being placed by the sheriff in the actual possession of the land recovered

自由保有土地收回占有令

habitatio

the right of dwelling

居住权

hac lege

with (under) this law (or condition); with this proviso

依此法律;据此规定

Hac mercede placet.

I accept the terms.

我接受这些条件

haereditas jacens

an inheritance lying in abeyance; a prostate or vacant inheritance

没有继承人的遗产

Haereditas nunquam ascendit.

An inheritance never ascends.

继承权不向上溯

Hannibal ad portas.

Hannibal is at the gates; a cry of alarm

大敌当前;大难临头

haud longis intervallis

at intervals by no means long; at frequent intervals

每隔不久;不时

haud passibus aequis

not with equal steps; with unequal steps

脚步不稳;蹒跚

helluo librorum

a devourer of books

博览群书的人

heres (pl. heredes)

heir

继承人

hic et nunc

here and now

此时此地

hic et ubique

here and everywhere

四处;处处;随处

hic finis fandi

here was an end of the speaking; here the speech ended

话说完了

Hic funis nihil attraxit.

This line has taken no fish; the scheme is a failure

计划失败

hic jacet

here lies

永眠于此;。。之墓;墓志铭

his non obstantibus

notwithstanding these things; nevertheless

尽管如此

Historia est magistra vitae.

History is the teacher of life.

历史为生活的导师

Hoc age.

Do this; mind what you are about; attend.

做事要留心;注意

hoc anno

in this year

今年;在这一年

hoc indictum volo

I wish this unsaid; I withdraw the statement.

我收回这句话

hoc loco

in this place

在此地

hoc mense

in this month

在这个月;本月

hoc quaere

look for this

查看此条

hoc sensu

in this sense

在这种意义上;本乎此义

Hoc sustinete, majus ne veniat malum.

Endure this evil, lest a greater come upon you.

小不忍则乱大谋;小事不忍,大祸临头

hoc tempore

at this time

在这个时候;此时

hoc titulo

under this title

根据这种权限

Homines dum docent discunt.

Men learn while they teach.

人类教学相长

Homo homini lupus.

Man is a wolf to man.

人对人为狼;人对待人如豺狼

Homo mensura.

Man is the measure.

人是一切的标准

homo multarum litterarum

a man of many letters; a very learned person

博学的人

homo novus

self-made man; an upstart

暴发户;白手起家的人

Homo proponit, sed Deus disponit.

Man proposes but God disposes.

谋事在人,成事在天

homo sapiens

the thinking man

人类;现代人

Homo semper aliud, Fortuna aliud cogitat.

Man always has one thing in mind, Fortune another.

不如意事常八九、天不从人愿

honoris causa (gratia)

as a recognition of honor due

名誉的;荣誉的(头衔,学位)

Honos habet onus.

Honors carry the burden of responsibility.

有荣誉就负有责任

Hora fugit

The hour flies.

光阴似箭

horae subsicivae

leisure hours; spare time

空闲时间;休闲

Horresco referens.

I shudder to relate it (generally used in a playful sense).

我谈虎色变;言之战栗

horribile dictu (horribile visu)

horrible to relate (horrible to see)

言之可怖;谈虎色变(惨不忍睹)

hostis humani generis

an enemy of the human race

人类公敌

hujus anni

of this year

今年的

hujus mensis

of this month

本月的

hypotheca

pledge; mortgage

抵押权